Presidential versus Parliamentary Systems

Question 1

The notable difference between parliamentary and presidential systems is that in the presidential system, the president, who is normally the leader of the executive, is elected directly by the registered voters (Gerring, Thacker, and Moreno 330). The delegates or the members elected to represent citizens in various states can also elect the president. On the other hand, in the parliamentary system, the prime minister, who is the leader of the executive, is voted upon directly from the legislative branch.

The main advantage of the presidential system is that such kind of government can efficiently ensure checks and balances. However, the challenge faced by this system is legislation. Whenever the president and the legislative body have different beliefs or ideologies, it becomes difficult for such kind of a government to enact laws (Gerring, Thacker, and Moreno 337). Conversely, the good part of the parliamentary system is that it can enact legislation quickly since the enactment of laws does not depend entirely on the ascent of the executive leader. Nevertheless, the demerit of the parliamentary system is that if the legislature does not like the prime minister, then they can easily dethrone him or her through casting a vote of no confidence (Gerring, Thacker, and Moreno 343).

Question 2

Whereas the presidential system of government where the president and the congress belong to the same party would ensure easy Checks and Balances, it would be imperative to have the president and the Congress from different parties. The mixture will not only enhance unity within the national government but also ensure that the differences and the ideologies in different political parties are addressed fully.

Work Cited

Gerring, John, Strom C. Thacker, and Carola Moreno. “Are Parliamentary Systems Better?” Comparative Political Studies 42.3 (2009): 327–359. Web.

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