Socialization refers to a process of obtaining personal identity by adjusting to fit in a certain group and behave in the same manner as the group by willingly learning the norms, values and social skills appropriate to the group. There are many ways of socializing with the most recent and common one being the internet. People have taken socializing to a different level by taking it into the internet spaces available which are used by many worldwide. Internet has been used as a way of meeting new people from different parts of the world with different cultures.
The rapid growth of internet has resulted in becoming indispensable in everyday life. It has globalized the world and hence has a great influence on the social life. Increased in the internet use has led to the existence of many social networking sites where people socialize online. It is important to note that safety must be a priority when navigating through these spaces so as to avoid negative influences of the internet use.
Internet has been misused by many as an alternative to the telephone used to communicate with people from all parts of the world and its actual use for exploring new identities and personalities ignored. The findings of the studies conducted recently found in the Pew Research center indicated a common use of internet with a larger percentage of those using internet for socialization. The social media, especially Facebook has been commonly chosen by many. Being a member of one of the internet community, that is, Facebook has offered many opportunities in terms of socializing. Using the internet to socialize can be tricky due to the associated risks that one may be exposed to such as lack of privacy, erosion of identity and reduced attention spans.
In my case, internet use to socialize has been an amazing experience. It has offered me a chance of meeting new people with different personalities. Also, it has enabled me to learn different cultures, and values from all parts of the world. It plays an important role in networking with people of the same career enabling us to grow professionally. It offered a chance to form completely new relationships with people I never knew and never would have met face-to-face. The internet use has also enabled keeping in touch with long-distance friends who we may have schooled together hence enabling lifetime friendship.
I learned the international community through friend groups who were sharing experiences about it. Most of them seemed to be sharing some exciting experiences which spurred interest in me to join the community. I was introduced and taught guidelines about how to navigate, and there, I became a member. These international communities have rules and regulations for interactions. The existing rules and regulations of interactions in Facebook is that members are required to follow standards of acceptable content, which prohibit harassment, threats and illegal material.
There are billion users of Facebook all over the world. For this reason, it is hard to put in questioning by a police or relevant authority anyone who did not follow Facebook rules and regulations. The only available sanctions include banning of photos which exposes nudity, blocking of access to the personal accounts and limitation of use of Facebook. These are the practical sanctions that are used to regulate the use of Facebook. Using Facebook to pass hateful speeches is punishable by law and those accused will have to deal with the police.
- Nonverbal Communication
Nonverbal communication is a type of communication that involves use of no words instead, facial expressions, body movements and gestures are used. There are a number of behaviors exhibited by people communicating nonverbally. After keen observations of the nonverbal communication of the people around, the following are some of the behaviors I noted that I considered abnormal;
- Great use of facial expressions such as smiling, frowning and eye contact to convey different information.
- Gestures commonly used whereby different body parts were used depending on the message being conveyed.
- Head nodding.
- Opening of palms.
- Silence yet people seem to be communicating.
- A lot of laughter.
After weeks of intensive observation of nonverbal communication, I learned many things about the deaf. I realized that nonverbal communication was just like any other form of communication only that words were not used. People using this form communication had developed a culture and their language. I realized that the behaviors I noted earlier were normal among them. They communicated so efficiently and effectively in their own unique way. Silence may be filling their surrounding environment, but the fact is they share stories even with the element of humor involved as noted in their laughter.
I noticed all the above listed behaviors in their interactions only that I could not interpret most of their body languages to understand what they were talking about. They did everything without any help and it might be hard to tell the deaf person by far unless he or she communicates. Our perception towards them before we interact may be harsh and many people may discriminate. My insight changed positively because I realized that they could be even more intelligent. The most surprising thing about these people who communicate nonverbally is how they grasped their language and became so efficient and even faster. It was so amazing to see how one could comprehend the letter combinations until a word is communicated to them.
Surprisingly, they were so friendly and every time they met a new person, they could gladly befriend them and let the visitor be comfortable by making the introduction. Even with different cultures and languages in the environment, it was hard to notice the dissimilarities between them because of their common language. This means that to them, there was nothing like color, race or other language because to them their language was one. This was environment free from any kind of discrimination. Therefore, people interacted freely by using gestures, and facial expressions. There were a lot of smiling, and laughter in their conversations.
In conclusion, from the above discussion regarding nonverbal behaviors, it is clear that it is not about how we communicate but about the message being conveyed. People should always have this perception so that there are no misunderstandings and discrimination in the society. People should be accepted the way they are and making friends with them will be even more exciting because one gets to learn to communicate nonverbally hence we can view the world in a much better way and positively.
- Rationalization According to Max Weber
According to Max Weber, formal rationality refers to a well calculated decision making that involves taking certain steps toward attaining a certain goal. He argued that having a goal enables one to make a well calculated move towards achieving it based on the past experiences, logic and observation. On the other hand, substantive rationality refers to a logical decision making that is results-oriented. Weber argued that this type of rationality does not consider the nature of outcomes. This means any means can be used so long as a goal is attained.
Max weber demonstrated that rationality is not the same as reason. In his argument, he said that the dominance of rationality destroyed man’s ability to reason. Weber suggested that rationality was a destroyer of freedom of expression. He used an example of bureaucratic organizations to demonstrate the differences between rationality and reasoning. He argued that organizations are driven by the approved rationalized rules and procedures so that individuals under these organizations cannot control their actions because they are obligated to stand up to the rational rules of the organization.
Most modern social organizations use formal rationality in problem solving. This is due to the fact most problems today need technocratic thinking to be employed. However, this method of solving problems may not be efficient because a problem solved may create problems for other people. For instance, using technology to solve a problem where machinery is involved may result in the replacement of human labour leading to many people losing their jobs. According to Frank Elwell, the problems of organizations should be solved within the contexts of values, emotions and traditions. This suggests that critical thinking must be employed in any kind of problem solving process. Therefore, Elwell suggest that substantive rationality should be used in the modern problem solving so as to avoid technical thinking which has dominated the current era.
The modern organisations such as higher education and agriculture have as well undergone rationalization. For instance, higher education claim to be having a major goal of teaching critical thinking when in the reality promoted technocratic thinking as the best method for solving problems. It is argued that critical cannot be taught directly by educators because it has to be modeled as per the experience which has consequently brought in the concept of rationalization. Also, modern agriculture has been greatly rationalized. Productivity and profit have taken over the minds of farmers hence rationalizing their farms. Rationalization in the modern agriculture is characterized by application of fertilizers, irrigation, and mechanization whereby some specialized machines have been greatly used to sow, till, and harvest. Consequently, rationalization in agriculture has resulted in the increased productivity and hence profitability.
Irrationality of the rationalization means that as the spaces and the bureaucratic organizations become rationalized for purposes of running it efficiently, they become inefficient and irrational. This means that rationalization may continue to a point where it loses touch with its original goals and becomes irrational. Max Weber used many examples while explaining the irrationality factor f rationalization. For instance, mechanization is a form of rationalization where human labor is replaced by machines. Machines may increase efficiency which is rational, but it becomes irrational when people lose their jobs and become unemployed. Another example is the rationalization of agriculture for purposes of increasing productivity; however, irrationality comes in with the high cost involved in obtaining machinery and chemicals. Lastly, agriculture universities have been used to illustrate irrationality factor. They are normally established and funded by the government to assist farmers in preserving agriculture and rural life. These same universities teach the ways of increasing productivity which is contrary to the goal for which it was established hence destroying the clients they were supposed to help.
- Poverty Level in Oragon
Living in poverty is a state of lacking or having little amount of money, goods and any means of support. Today, people living below the poverty line are unacceptably high and effective measures must be taken to address this. This paper focuses mainly on the extent of poverty in Oragon County based on the data provided by Oragon Housing and Community Services.
The poverty statistics provided were based on a single demographic factor which is age. The report indicated that a larger percentage of the population of about 63% living in poverty were people between the age of 18 and 64, followed by children under 18 years of age which was about 22% and lastly, 15% of the population living in poverty were people between the ages of 65 and above. Also, the report from the housing survey conducted indicated more families and single women with children were possibly living in poverty than families overall. Approximately 11% of all families were poor, as compared to 18% of families with children, and 42% of single women with children. Moreover, the rate of poverty varied significantly by race and ethnicity throughout Oregon. Only 14.7% of whites were living in poverty, however, many people of color were poor ranging from 15.9% for Asians up to 34.1% for African Americans.
The findings indicated that poverty was mainly caused by constant household income with increased housing costs in the markets. This led to people spending more money in housing costs leaving them with a little penny to cater for the necessities such as food. This was hard for people living under poverty line due to household cost burden.
Children were a vulnerable population to the consequences of poverty. They are exposed to a greater risk of having health problems. Also, poverty denies them the right to education, healthcare services and healthy food. Also, poverty can lead to families being homeless hence higher risk for common chronic health problems due to poor living conditions. Single women living in poverty are at a higher risk of contracting diseases such as HIV/AIDS. This is due to their vulnerability hence can be easily abused.
The housing surveys were conducted and reports made as a way of tackling poverty in the society. The data collected will provide the governments and relevant authorities with the relevant information directing them how poverty can be ended. It will provided the information regarding people’s income and how they can spend it so as to determine the contributing factor of the higher rate of poverty. The steps taken to reduce the poverty level involved grants offering to those living in extreme poverty, plans and policies developed aimed at balanced resource allocation, and modify the programs for helping the poor so as to yield best results. Also housing services must be provided to those living in poverty so as to reduce the number of deaths caused by chronic diseases. It is therefore, a role of the government to fight poverty in every country or state.