Revolutionary Upheavals of the 1770-80s in America and France Essay (Critical Writing)

Revolutionary Upheavals of the 1770-80s in America and France Essay (Critical Writing)


Enlightenment, as described by Immanuel Kant means freedom to make use of one’s personal intelligence. The enlightenment motion was a seventeenth and eighteenth century movement in western philosophy. It swept throughout America in 1776, and in French in 1778. This period was characterised by large upheavals in political, economic, and social traditions. This motion advocated for purpose as the main basis of authority.

The motion was angered by realisation and recognition of the sad state of the human situations and the need for major reforms. They critically questioned the normal institutions together with their customs and morals. The period of revolutionary upheavals was marked by political changes similar to governmental consolidation, nationalisation, more human rights recognition and discount of influence of authoritative establishments like church buildings. (Munck and Thomas)

Due to the oppressive and authoritarian rule in America and France, Enlightenment thinkers believed that orderly considering could possibly be utilized to all spheres of individual actions as an answer to human struggling, and altering the government’s explorations of the particular person, society and the nation as an entire. The enlightenment crusaders believed that their states may progress after an extended interval of stagnation as a outcome of superstition and conventional oppression. (Gay and Peter 2006)


The enlightenment crusade energy outdated the impact of social and financial circumstances in promoting the revolution upheavals. The motion helped to create intellectual help in America and French, and their ideas have been influential in the rise of classical liberalism, socialism, democracy, and recent capitalism. (Dieterle, Bernard, Engel and Manfred 2003)

The enlightenments revolutionary upheavals reversed the standard belief that mysticism and revelation had been the basic source of data and knowledge. They argued that, self-evident philosophy was the foundation of knowledge and stability. According to Benedictus de, the goal of philosophy primarily based on self-evident axioms reached its heights with view of a universe where God and nature are one. The motion took a central position in justifying modernisation motion, which reversed the recognized traditions. Most of the 20th century movements corresponding to liberalism and neo-classicism have their intellectual heritage again to the enlightenment movement. (Himmelfarb and Gertrude 2004)

Enlightment is regarded as the first foundation for important concepts such as freedom of expression, citizens’ democratic rights, and purpose. Prevalence of cause results in capitalism, invention of scientific strategies, multi-denominational religious groups tolerance and the organizations of state into self governing, sovereighn republics via democratic means.The capacity of scholersand philosophers to use rationality thinking to all issues,and the flexibility of writers to pursue the truth with out worry of violating established norms is taken into account the efforts of the enlighters. (Dupre and Louis 2004)

Most of the 18th century American and French politicians (founding fathers) were influenced by enlightenment –period ideas particularly on their spiritual, human rights affairs and socialism in the political arena. Through revolutionist enlightenment these politicians had been in a place to lay grounds for robust human rights organizations and strong democratic area where freedom of expression and impression is nicely expressed up to right now. It is evident from the above argument that the concepts of enlightenment have been extra necessary than the social and financial conditions in selling the revolutionary upheavals of the 1770’s and 1780’s in America and France. (Buchan and James 2003).


Buchan and James. Crowded with Genius: The Scottish Enlightenment: Edinburgh’s Moment of the Mind 2003 Dieterle, Bernard ,Engel and Manfred (eds.).

The Dream and the Enlightenment / Le Rêve et les Dupre and Louis. The Enlightenment & the Intellctural Foundations of Modern Culture 2004 Gay and Peter.

The Enlightenment: An Interpretation. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1996 Himmelfarb and Gertrude.

The Roads to Modernity: The British, French, and American Enlightenments, 2004 Munck and Thomas. Enlightenment: A Comparative Social History, 1721–1794.

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