Majority-Minority Relation in Multiethnic Societies Essay

Majority-Minority Relation in Multiethnic Societies Essay


In multiethnic and multiracial societies, conflict, discrimination and inequality are

Deeply rooted, and carry severe implications for all members of that given society. The interaction with one another between the ethnic and a bunch varies according to the social, cultural, and political situations discovered within the society. Race refers to a group of individuals that consider themselves bodily distinct indirectly, and are thought of by themselves or others to be a definite group. The idea of race has a bodily and social element.

A group of individuals of the same race who interact with each other and who develop some widespread cultural characteristics are often recognized as a racial group. While on the opposite hand, an ethnic group is outlined as a group of people who find themselves usually recognized by themselves and or others as distinct group, and have a social characteristic that passes from one era to a different Characteristic that might outline an ethnic group would come with a standard language, faith, nationwide origin, dietary practices and so forth According to the Sociologist, majority is defined as a bunch which is dominant in a society, whereas a minority group is outlined as any group that’s assigned an inferior standing.

A minority is a class of people that lack energy, privilege, and prestige in social, political or financial spheres. They are unable to attain their will and lack sources to help their very own interests successfully. They have a shared sense of identification and are a people who are singled out for unequal therapy., The majority or minority group status is normally decided by race or ethnicity, bodily incapacity, sex, lifestyle or sexual orientation can be used to assigned group standing. The use of the term minority and majority in sociology doesn’t indicate numbers however somewhat the majority is the dominant group and the minority is the subordinate group.

The majority minority relationship is affected by the following; racial prejudice, ideological racism or racist ideology. Racial prejudice is the attitudes and beliefs that people have a few group. Ideological racism or racist ideology refers back to the belief that sure races are biologically, intellectually, or culturally inferior to others. The primary attribute of ideological racism is that it justifies domination and exploitation of 1 group above the other. The behavior by groups or people that results in unequal therapy of different individual or a group based mostly on racial, ethnic, non secular, or gender is known as discrimination.


These are a few of the theories used to explain or to help in understanding of minority majority relation from the 2 sociologist perspective.

Functionalist theory

It is a school linked with sociologists corresponding to Talcott Parsons, Wilbert Moore, Kingsley Davis, and Emile Durkheim (Farley, 20007:22). Durkkgeims(1964) early paradigm of social stratification likened society to an organism with its want for order and arranged solidarity, was important in shaping practical explanations. He attributed inequality to distinction in capacity and skills, and the notion that one group could use its power to dominate another group was by no means central in his analysis (Kitano, 1985). The primary traits of this concept are; Society consists of a quantity of interdependent parts.

Every element performs some function as societies have a tendency toward stability and equilibrium, and finally consensus and stability are desirable in society. In basic, for the functionalists, if a group experiences social problem (e.g. Unemployment), they most likely lack the necessary expertise which may be required in the job market (Farley, 2000).

Conflict theory

Farley (2000:73) contends that conflict concept come up primarily from the work of Marx and was continued in the work of C Weight Mills and Ralf Dahrandorf. The general underlying assumption related to conflict concept is that society is made up of groups with competing self-interests. Many a time the competing teams have unequal power. People compete for sources which would possibly be in scarce provide. This happens as a end result of wealth and power are distributed unequally. Conflict concept include the following 4 points; conflict constructed into the society; the unequal distribution of energy and wealth makes the society naturally to have a tendency towards battle this as a end result of completely different social groups have completely different and conflicting interests.

One group becomes dominant; the dominant group usually makes use of its energy to control most or all others features of the social structure. They control an unlimited disproportionate share of scarce resources corresponding to wealth and social status. Consensus in artificial; According to this viewpoint, when a consensus seem in a society, it is synthetic and is unlikely to persist over the long term. Consensus in a society is both primarily based on coercion and/or repression by the dominant group. Forth, conflict in society is fascinating; Conflict is considered fascinating because it makes attainable social changes which can lead to extra equitable distribution of wealth and energy.

Amalgamation theory


The amalgamation mannequin (melting-pot theory) sees the dominant culture as a conglomeration of all teams in society. Each group actively desires to be part of the dominant tradition and makes an important contribution to the whole in lively need to be a half of the dominant culture.

Assimilation theory

This is the process of being absorbed in the mainstream of the dominate tradition. This assimilation model calls for that other teams conform to the dominant tradition. New comers are to be socialized into the dominant culture that is already current. Thos notion is usually advanced since the dominant tradition actively want a minority who’s culturally comparable (in language and ideology) but there are limits.

Pluralism theory

(Salad bowl theory) In a pluralist society unique groups coexist aspect by side. The uniqueness of each group is considered as a trait value having within the dominant group. The consequence of dwelling in such a society is recognition and tolerance of cultural and ethnic range. Example: American Indians in Santa Fe selling art work. (Long, 2007).

Ethnic stratification theory

It refers to a system that distribute scarce assets on an unequal basis according to race and ethnicity (2000). The stratification should meet some type of societal need in accordance with the functionalist argument. Ethnic stratification exists because it serves he interests of the dominant elite. It happens due to the exploitative nature of the bulk group as a complete or because of the exploitative nature of the wealthy elite throughout the majority group (Farley, 2000). Example Journal Article on the Arab minority in Israel and its relation with the Jewish majority. The article reviewed and analyzed recent developments in analysis on the Arab/Palestine minority in Israel which is an effective illustration of the ethnic stratification. (Yiftachel, 1992).


Farley, J.E (2002) Majority-Minority Relation.(4th Ed.) Englewood Cliff, N.J; Prentice Hall.

Kitano, H.L. (1985) Race Relations. (3rd Edition) Eaglewood Cliff, N.J.: Prentice Hall.

Long, R (2007).Introduction to Sociology: Majority/Minority Relation.

Yiftachel, O. (1992). Studies in Comparative International Development (SCID): Journal, Voume. 27, Number 2. Page 57-83.

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