Informatics Nurses, Their Roles and Skills Coursework
Being a relatively new branch of science, nursing informatics aims at integrating different theoretical approaches to patient care with the principles related to the acquisition and distribution of important healthcare information. With the further development of modern technology, the use of paper records in healthcare is becoming less popular due to practicality considerations and the low speed of data processing and distribution among healthcare professionals. Improving the quality of healthcare services and increasing service rates represent the pivotal tasks performed by informatics nurses.
The Role of Informatics Nurses in Healthcare Organizations
The establishment of a new specialty, nursing informatics, is aimed at filling the gap between nursing practice and information technology. The role of informatics nurses in healthcare cannot be overstated since they work in academic and clinical settings to provide other specialists (both nurses and IT professionals) with assistance in solving problems that impact the quality of healthcare services. Informatics nurses also referred to as nurse informaticists, have a great number of areas of responsibility because their work involves both the use of IT solutions in healthcare and aligning them with patient and staff needs. According to the results of a survey published by the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMMS) in 2017, the majority of specialists in the field are responsible for system implementation and optimization and work in a diverse range of healthcare settings (Sensmeier, 2017).
According to the American Nurses Association, the key fields of activity for informatics nurses include at least nine roles (Lippincott Solutions, 2018). To begin with, these specialists are expected to deal with tasks that require having well-developed leadership and management skills. In connection with this, informatics nurses can perform the role of project managers. In addition, the role of these specialists is inextricably connected to analyzing existing data to facilitate the process of decision making. The range of duties that informatics nurses perform also includes solving tasks that are related to standards compliance. Thus, the work performed by these specialists can help improve the degree to which the standards established by different laws such as HIPAA are met (Lippincott Solutions, 2018). Because they know a lot about the needs of patients and healthcare providers, informatics nurses are often involved in consulting activities. By providing other specialists in information technology with assistance, they act as intermediaries between the developers of various IT tools used in the field of healthcare and end-users. Their work as intermediaries entails interfacing with healthcare specialists at different organizational levels and with patients.
Apart from the above-mentioned roles that these specialists fulfill, their activities involve researching various topics in the field of healthcare and evaluating the degree to which finished IT projects are user friendly. For instance, informatics nurses play a pivotal role in the implementation of new projects in nursing. Technologies that involve electronic health records represent among the clearest types of this tendency. Within their study, Rojas and Seckman (2014) highlight that informatics nurses play a substantial role in evaluating the usability of electronic health record software products.
Based on the researchers, conducting usability tests requires having specific knowledge, and the current presence of informatics nurses makes the procedure of testing far better since other professionals may lack necessary computer skills. Informatics nurses take a dynamic part along the way of EHR evaluation, and their contribution is particularly important through the stages of “software design, purchase, adaption, and organization-specific configuration” (Rojas & Seckman, 2014, p. 217). Representing among the largest sets of users of EHR applications, informatics nurses apply the NIST framework for usability evaluation (Mohammed, 2017). Theoretically, the need to generate test scripts and profiles, define problems linked to safety and implement usability metrics usually is one of the tasks of software vendors. However, as Rojas and Seckman (2014) highlight, such tasks are performed in a far more comprehensive manner when informatics nurses employed in particular, healthcare organizations have the effect of them.
Within their involvement in lots of activities linked to information management, informatics nurses also become educators who teach other nursing specialists and also patients to utilize different applications and software. In accordance with Tyler (2017), these specialists actively use web-based education to be able to reduce the amount of hospital readmissions, promote self-care among healthcare clients, and for that reason improve patient outcomes. Along with providing education, the tendency to task informatics nurses with developing education plans and materials is now more prevalent (Tyler, 2017). These professionals may also be in charge of preparing special programs for staff that’s related to the usage of new software or important info search strategies. In some instances, specialists in neuro-scientific nursing informatics also become the evaluators of training programs produced by their colleagues (Tyler, 2017). Taking each one of these roles into account, it really is clear that the opportunities of informatics nurses to create positive contributions to the field of nursing are numerous and intensely diverse.
EHR System Implementation and Leadership Qualities
As has been mentioned, providing other specialists with assistance ahead of and through the implementation of EHR systems remains among the key tasks that modern nurse informaticists perform. To be able to help their organizations to implement EHR systems regularly and become successful, informatics nurses should demonstrate a variety of leadership qualities. The demand for experienced nurses focusing on nursing informatics is growing (Kruse, Kothman, Anerobi, & Abanaka, 2016). In accordance with HIMMS, the contribution of the specialists is specially important through the phases of EHR implementation and optimization (Landi, 2017). The implementation of EHR systems is really a complex process, where informatics nurses should demonstrate such skills and qualities as proper technical knowledge, the opportunity to weigh potential outcomes and make decisions, commitment to quality, a concentrate on the end-user experience, and cooperativeness.
Nurse informaticists that are involved with EHR implementation must supply the necessary education to other stakeholders such as for example nurses. Considering that involves close collaboration with individuals who accept changes in working processes in various ways, the importance of the facet of leadership as a kind of emotional intelligence can’t be overstated. In her article, Bird (2017) reviews the implementation of EHR systems and highlights the need to cope with end-user responses which are often negative because of their heavy workload. Knowing that, nurse informaticists who plan and offer staff education programs should possess well-developed skills linked to relationship management, conflict resolution, and teaching.
A nurse informaticist or informatics nurse is really a specialist whose key job duties are inextricably linked to the use of modern tools to greatly help clients and improve patient outcomes. Considering that technology permeates all areas of providing care in today’s world, these specialists could be necessary to fulfill tasks which are extremely diverse and involve different skills. The next activities are being among the most common tasks performed by informatics nurses:
Taking into consideration the nature of the profession, those that would like to use up a posture in nursing informatics should create a wide variety of skills to handle the main element job tasks. The development of technology includes a significant effect on the field of nursing, and the demand for informatics nurses is incredibly high. The role they play in various healthcare organizations can’t be overstated since they create a major contribution to the processes of research, data analysis, optimization, and staff education.
Bird, P. (2017). Each day in the life span of a nurse informaticist: Implementation support. Journal of Informatics Nursing , 2 (2), 24-27.
Kruse, C. S., Kothman, K., Anerobi, K., & Abanaka, L. (2016). Adoption factors of the electronic health record: A systematic review. JMIR Medical Informatics , 4 (2), e19. Web.
Landi, H. (2017). A nursing informatics leader parses the challenges of EHR optimization [Blog post]. Web.
Lippincott Solutions. (2018). Nursing informatics: The intersection of technology and clinical practice [Blog post]. Web.
Mohammed, D. (2017). US healthcare industry: Cybersecurity regulatory and compliance issues. Journal of Research running a business, Economics and Management , 9 (5), 1771-1776.
Rojas, C. L., & Seckman, C. A. (2014). The informatics nurse specialist role in electronic health record usability evaluation. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing , 32 (5), 214-220.
Sensmeier, J. (2017). What do informatics nurses do?/Interviewer: S.B. Yox [Transcript]. Web.
Tyler, D. D. (2017). Each day in the life span of a nurse informaticist: The role of the informatics nurse in education. Journal of Informatics Nursing , 2 (1), 24-26.