Effective Physical Security and Crime Prevention Essay

Effective Physical Security and Crime Prevention Essay

Defense department technique for cover of assets is a type of army technique typically known as an elastic defense technique. This technique goals at delaying rather than preventing the advance of the attacker, shopping for time and causing more casualties by creating further area. The idea of protection technique for the safety of belongings is now broadly used to explain non-military strategies.

The defense-in-depth strategy is aimed at concentrating and converging all the navy resources at a given point such that when attacked all defenders would be outflanked surrounded leaving the provision strains vulnerable. The different function and attribute of protection depth technique in asset safety are that the defense is meant to deploy his resources like a fortification, fieldwork and navy units at and in good position behind the entrance line. The defense-in-depth strategy may be very a lot efficient and efficient especially against an attacker who can concentrate his forces and attack a small variety of locations on an extended defensive line. A highly established and deliberate protection in depth strategy usually deploys forces in mutually supportive positions and prescribed features and duties. For instance, poorly educated soldiers are always taken to static defenses on the entrance line whereas nicely and extremely educated soldiers who are equipped type a cellular reserve. By making the poorly skilled troops in frontline and better-trained ones in mobile reserve will convey plenty of advantages in the army protection. Different layers have been formed with totally different names for instance a row of dragons teeth could also be an issue for tanks but no barrier to infantry. Therefore protection in depth allows defenders to maximize the defensive tactics and expertise of pure terrain.(Jacob,1961,p.36).

One disadvantage of defense in depth strategy in offering bodily safety is that at occasions approaches may not be accepted for a defender to plan and to give floor to an attacker. There is also defense in non-military. This includes defense in depth strategy to fire prevention which requires the provision of fireside alarms, fire extinguishers, evacuation plans, cellular rescue, and hearth fighting tools. Since the nation is at warfare, it is rather important to know the enemy out and in. Again the strength and weaknesses of the defense-in-depth technique must also be checked out. The following are a number of the strengths and weaknesses of this strategy. The first and most necessary one is to know the enemy. This is meant to be accomplished to know possible threats and risks both exterior and inside ones. The enemy is to be identified and if possible different weapons that it’d use in the course of the warfare should also be detected. This is what occurred through the Islamic terrorism that occurred in September the year two thousand and one. The other strength understands the external enemies. The technique has included using the Internet to know the enemies. The external enemies or attackers embrace individual attackers manually probing and penetrating the networks in addition to extremely automated attacks corresponding to worm packages. The strategy has not been capable of providing defense against such enemies. Concentrating on the perimeter builds a false sense of safety by leaving the attackers to return inside. Protecting exterior is not the whole solution as a end result of the interior attackers should also be checked. Therefore, for efficient implementation of the defense-in-depth strategy for the protection of assets, it is essential to address the next issues: knowing the enemy, understanding the exterior enemies, defending in opposition to an internal enemy, and understanding the environment.(Jeffry,1997,p.78).

Crime protection by way of environmental design method presents security-training ideas with a view of controlling crime. It changes people’s emotions about their environment due to this fact it is a multidisciplinary technique to deterring criminal habits. Crime prevention by way of environmental design (CPTED) relies heavily on the flexibility to influence the offender’s choices that precede felony acts. It emphasizes facilitating the perceived risk of detection and apprehension. This is because probably the most implementation of crime protection by way of environmental design is predicated on the theory that the correct efficient design and correct effective use of the constructed environment can scale back crime. The technique can be believed that it could scale back the worry of crime prevalence and improvement within the quality of life. When an setting is correctly built as subjected by crime prevention through environmental design, it will make the offenders withdraw or cease committing crimes by avoiding the environment in which these crimes do occur. The commonest built-in setting approaches may include neutral entry control, pure territorial reinforcement, and pure surveillance. Other elements of crime prevention through the environmental design strategy are the upkeep and activity help elements. These are the principle properties and traits of crime prevention through environmental design. (Mathew, 1996, p98).

Natural territorial reinforcement promotes and encourages social management via the elevated definition of house and improvement in property issues. Therefore which means the surroundings must be correctly redesigned to create a sense of possession. The owner of a given place and property should have the duty of stopping strangers or intruders from committing a legal offense. They would possibly do this by reporting the case to the police for applicable motion to be taken. An setting where strangers or intrudes can easily be identified and positioned is proposed to be one of the best in accordance with the natural territorial reinforcement principle. Marking territories by means of buildings, fences pavements, or providing safety lighting to mark and specific possession. Buildings must be seen sufficient and fences raised to stop strangers and intruders from committing the crime.(Wood,1967,pp:34-45).

For efficient territorial reinforcement to stop and forestall crimes, people are therefore urged to limit non-public activities to defined private areas. Social actions additionally want to put in an area frequent to all the general public. The social activities might embody purchasing facilities, bars, and eating places and could possibly be music areas. By doing use extra individuals are attacked and subsequently improve the perception that these areas are controlled. The use of territorial reinforcement measures makes the traditional person feel protected and makes any offender aware of dangers of apprehension or scrutiny.

Natural access management is one other attribute of crime prevention via environmental resign technique (CPTED) to maintain security. The strategy limits the incidence of any crime by ensuring that acceptable measures and procedures are taken to substantiate and differentiate between public space and personal area. This is generally carried out by fixing fences, improving the lighting techniques, and placing entrances like gates and landscapes that can restrict any motion and access to a given place. The following are some of the options of natural control access: we’ve using a single, clearly identifiable level of entry. For instance, by having a single gate in a compound fence any stranger shall be routinely recognized. The gate should also be placed in such a method that the intruder cannot access the compound. Fences corresponding to an electrical fence, thorny bushes to fence the compound are also very helpful. The fence should also be high enough to avoid any access to the compound. In the entrance yard, waist-level picket type of fencing alongside residential property lines is important to current any access and to encourage surveillance. Natural entry management is used principally to enrich and complement the mechanical and operational entry control strategies and procedures such as goal hardening.

The other function of crime prevention through the Environmental Design approach to security is pure surveillance. The natural surveillance technique was developed to advertise and enhance the specter of apprehension by having measures that can enhance the world view of figuring out people. This takes place when the appropriate design is made. The design may embrace putting physical features like a rock or stones. Activities which are carried out by folks must also be positioned in an space the place visibility may be correctly maximized. This approach will promote social interaction among reliable users of private and public areas. By doing this, the potential offenders feel elevated scrutiny and limitations on routes which they use to escape. The natural surveillance approaches include putting windows to face areas the place people do pass in order that the passers-by can simply be identified. Security Lights should also be correctly placed in order that an offender can easily be seen from far whereby the police could be alerted on the scenario very fast. The passing vehicle site visitors typically is proposed to be used as a surveillance asset. This has reduced the incidence of crimes that often do happen on our roads.

The other attribute of crime prevention through environmental design or method is predicated on upkeep of the surroundings and personal property. The owner of a property ought to have full responsibility to ensure that his property is correctly maintained. This ensures correct tolerance of order. This is best explained in the principle of damaged home windows, which help a zero-tolerance to property maintenance. The theory mentions that the broken home windows will create some room and area for intruders to enter and vandalize a person’s property. Therefore to avoid this, all home windows are to be mounted to ensure most security is supplied. Not solely broken windows are to be checked but also different areas that can make strangers get inside the compound. This is believed to be the accountability of all people (Oscar, 1972, p134).

Another property and attribute of crime prevention via Environmental Design is the activity support. The exercise assist enhances the usage of a constructed Environment for protected actions to extend the danger of detection of criminal and unwanted habits.

The introduction of crime prevention by way of environmental design has led to the reduction of burglaries of commercial properties and enchancment in high quality of life. CPTED in industrial areas has additionally been implemented, for instance in California when the major target was made on entry control, decreasing escape routes, improved signage, goal hardening, improved lighting, CCTV, and nighttime safety patrols. Vandalism has been greatly lowered and the occupancy price of the industrial again has elevated (Mathew, 1996, p.45).

In the field of public transport, the crime rate at bus stops has been reduced in countries like Los Angeles. A sustainable neighborhood ought to therefore perceive itself to be protected by making use of the CPTED strategy of lowering crime. The utility of the CPTED in crime prevention is rising on the planet of at present. There is the confidence that complete crime prevention via environmental design programs in the UK will extremely improve the security system within the space.

Crime prevention through the Environmental Design method to safety will only be efficient when it benefits the end-user. The security lighting has been of much importance to the precept of DID and ACCEPTED. In normal situations, synthetic mild at night tends to allow the fear of crime. Outdoor lighting additionally helps to forestall crime at evening however it is but to be proved. This makes the US have little confidence in the effectiveness of safety lighting techniques.

However, in lots of areas in Britain and America, lighting has helped to stop and forestall crime. For example, the placing of lighting within the multi-racial inner-city space of the UK has resulted in a discount of robbery, theft from automobiles, burglaries, and vandalism unlike earlier than when crime incidence was too much at night. With the introduction of the Security Lighting System, there has been a critical discount in crime in the UK city. The brighter lighting system has constructed some faith in the public to scale back crime.

The effects of the lighting system are both direct or indirect. For example, failure to put or switch on mild affects transport and result in a high crime fee. When lights are switched on police may be simply alerted on the occurrence of crime from a distance by a neighbor the place the activity is taking place owner’s properties are actually protected against being stolen by thieves.

Since September 11, 2001, there has been a shift away from the appliance of crime prevention via Environmental Design to nationwide infrastructure safety within the application of the Defense in Depth technique. This occurred after the terrorism had taken place. First, it was anticipated that the CPTED approach was to be successful in lowering robberies. Though this occurred, the methodological approaches that were used within the evaluation of the effects weren’t effective. The fires and burns also resulted in injury and dying in the United States in 2001. The use of the smoke alarms was not effective in secure the state of affairs. Therefore the rationale for the shift was the Islamic terrorist threats. The different cause is to bring modifications that may reduce violence in the workplace. Homicide is certainly one of the issues that led to traumatic death in the workplace, following transportation-related deaths. The majority of the homicides are results of robberies.

Therefore September eleven, 2001, had devastating effects on the United States. It compelled the government to convey safety inside the attain of the people both in law enforcement and personal safety. The shifts within the software have happened as a result of threat warnings. Most of these menace warnings are introduced by Islamic terrorists and Hamas who could additionally be dwelling in the nation.

The Racist skinheads additionally type a major violent element of the white supremacist movement and are principally referred to as shock troops of the hoped-for revolution. Their exercise has been identified within the white energy music industry such as panzerfaust data and resistance data.

The Nazi Low Riders (NLR) is one other issue. This is a violent gang that developed from former inmates of the California Youth Authority. The group gets themselves involved in dirty activities corresponding to drug trafficking inside and outdoors prisons. The other group bringing consideration to is Public Enemy Number One (PEN 1). Public Enemy Number 1 is the fastest-growing Caucasian prison gang operating in California prisons. They get their revenue from drug trafficking(Agel,1968,p94).

Threats of weapons of mass Destruction which are categorised as chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or high yield explosives even have made the US have sleepless nights since 2001 September. The weapon of mass destruction assault on any of the states is believed that it could convey a great loss to the whole nation. The Bomb risk is another excuse for the shift within the application of the mentioned methods. The Vehicle Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED) or mail bomb is a method of terrorism shared by the natives and international terrorists. Unsophisticated criminals might at times use pipe bombs inflicting lots of threats to the nation.


Violence on the place of work is one other contribution to occupational harm and death. The following are some of the measures which have been taken to prevent any attainable crime in the metropolis. A lot of warning has been made to these receiving mails to deal with them with a lot of care before opening. Fire procedures are additionally being shaped to detect any potential cause of the hearth by terrorists.


Angel, S. (1968). Discouraging Crime by way of city planning. Center for planning as improvement research, University of California at Berkeley

Jacobs, J. (1961). The demise of lifetime of Great American Cities. New York: Random House

Jeltery, C. (1977). Crime prevention through Environmental Design. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publishers

Luedtke, G. (1970). Crime and the physical metropolis Washington D.C: US Department of justice.

Oscar, N. (1972). Defensible space: Crime Prevention through urban Design. New York: Macmillan.

Matthew, B. (1996). The Theoretical Development of CPTED. New York: Springer Publisher.

Wood, E. (1967). Social Aspects of Housing in Urban Development, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nation, New York.

Crowe, T. (2000). Crime Prevention Trough Environmental design. Boston: Butterworth. Heinman

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