Endocrine System

A benign breast condition is any abnormality of the breast but non-cancerous. An example of common benign breast conditions is benign breast tumors and breast aggravations. In the case of Joan Barker, the benign condition which caused the mass on her breast is known as hyperplasia, which is the development of a typical breast cell. (Dabbs, 2012).

The Fibrocystic breast condition is one which has affected more than half of the women in their lives. The development of scar-like tissues and growth sacs filled with liquid is known as fibrosis. The Cysts are filled with liquid, round or oval shaped in the breast. They commonly affect women in their 40s, but it has been realized that they can happen at any age of a woman. (Taghian & Halyard, 2012).

A woman should be concerned once she experiences a lump in her breast. The most common type of breast disease is known as Obtrusive Ductal Carcinoma (ODC). This condition starts in the milk duct of a breast and ends up being an oily tissue of the breast. Its oily nature can make it stretch to different shapes (McCance & Huether, 2002).

Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) means that cancer is still contained in the milk tube. This means that no other place has been attacked. It has been realized that only a few cases can develop into invasive cancers. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC) is a cancer which has begun developing in the duct, and started attacking the encompassing tissues. It has been realized that 8 out of 10 intrusive breasts invade ductal carcinomas (Taghian & Halyard, 2012).

Primary lung cancer is a type of cancer which starts in the lungs. The cancer cells in the lungs are irregular and small, only seen under a magnifying glass. Metastatic lung cancer is extensive and created in another zone, and spreads to the lungs. The common symptoms are feeling short of breath, coughing blood, and hacks that do not clear up (Dabbs, 2012).


Taghian, A. G., & Halyard, M. Y. (2012). Breast cancer. New York: Demos Medical Pub. 

Dabbs, D. J. (2012). Breast pathology. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders.

McCance, K. L., & Huether, S. E. (2002). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults & children. St. Louis: Mosby.

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